Taeguk Il Chang, Pattern 1


This pattern represents heaven and light. Heaven gives us rain and the sun gives us light and making things grow. Therefore Keon is the beginning of everything on earth and the source of creation. When performing this Taegeuk the mind should be clear and allow all the basic techniques to flow. As with creation this Taegeuk is the simple, yet forms the basis for more complex movements and techniques to come.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (L)

  2. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, Mid Section Punch (R)

  3. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (R)

  4. Move the Left foot one step forward, walking stance, Mid Section Punch (L)

  5. Pivot on the right foot to the right 90 degrees, long stance, Low section block (R)

  6. Mid section reverse punch.

  7. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 90 degrees moving into walking stance, Reverse inward block (L)

  8. Move the Left foot one step forward, walking stance, mid section reverse punch (R)

  9. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, Reverse inward block (R)

  10. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, mid section reverse punch (L)

  11. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 90 Degrees, Long Stance, Low Section Block (L)

  12. Mid section Reverse Punch. (L)

  13. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, High section Block (L)

  14. Snap kick (R) stepping forward into walking stance Mid section Punch (R)

  15. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, High section Block (R)

  16. Snap Kick (L) stepping forward into walking stance Mid Section Punch (L)

  17. Pivot on the right foot to the right 90 degrees, long stance, Low section block (L)

  18. Move the right foot one step forward, long stance, Mid section Punch (R) 

  19. Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk I Chang, Pattern 2


This pattern is expressed by the symbol Tae, Meaning joyfulness. This is the state in which ones minds is kept firm, yet appears gentle so that smile and virtue prevail. When performing this Taegeuk all actions should be performed gently yet forcefully.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (L)

  2. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, Mid Section Punch (R)

  3. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (R)

  4. Move the Left foot one step forward, walking stance, Mid Section Punch (L)

  5. Pivot on the right foot to the right 90 degrees, walking stance, Reverse inward Block (R)

  6. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, mid section reverse inward Block (L)

  7. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (L)

  8. Snap kick (R) stepping forward into Long stance High section Punch (R)

  9. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (R)

  10. Snap Kick (L) stepping forward into Long stance High Section Punch (L)

  11. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, High section Block (L)

  12. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, High section Block (R)

  13. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 270 degrees, walking stance, Reverse inward block (R)

  14. Pivot on left foot turn to the Right 180 degrees, moving into walking stance, mid section reverse inward Block (L) 

  15. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, walking stance, Low section Block (L)

  16. Snap kick (R) stepping forward into walking stance, Mid Section Punch (R)

  17. Snap Kick (L) stepping forward into walking stance, Mid Section Punch (L)

  18. Snap kick (R) stepping forward into walking stance, Mid Section Punch (R)

  19. Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk Sam Chang, Pattern 3


This pattern concerns actions applying the principles of RI. This symbol means fire and sun. What distinguishes man from the animals is that man knows how to use fire. Burning fire gives man light, warmth, enthusiasm and hope. The action therefore of Sam Chang accordingly should be performed with vitality and passion.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low section Block (L) 

  2. Snap Kick with the right, stepping forward into Long stance, mid section double punch (R then L)

  3. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, into walking stance, Low section block (R)

  4. Snap kick with the left, stepping forward into Long Stance, mid section double punch (L then R)

  5. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Reverse inward Knife hand strike (R)

  6. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, Reverse inward Knife hand strike (L)

  7. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Back Stance, Mid section knife hand Block (L)

  8. Move the left foot forward, into Long Stance, Mid section reverse Punch (R)

  9. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, into back stance, Mid section knife hand Block (R)

  10. Move the right foot forward, into Long Stance, Mid section reverse Punch (L)

  11. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, walking Stance, Reverse inward Block (R)

  12. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, Reverse inward Block (L)

  13. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 270 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low Section block (L)

  14. Snap Kick with the right, stepping forward into Long stance, mid section double punch (R then L)

  15. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, walking stance, Low Section Block (R)

  16. Snap kick with the left, stepping forward into Long Stance, mid section double punch (L then R)

  17. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into walking stance, Low Section block (L) then mid section reverse punch (R)

  18. Move the right foot one step forward, walking stance, Low Section block (R) then mid section reverse punch (L)

  19. Snap kick with the left, stepping forward into walking stance, Low Section block (L) then mid section reverse punch (R)

  20. Snap kick with the right stepping forward into walking stance, Low Section block (R) then mid section reverse punch (L)

  21. Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk Sa Chang, Pattern 4


This pattern concerns actions applying the thoughts and principles of Jin, Thunder. Thunder and lighting are the objects of fear and fright. The principles of Jin suggest that we should act calmly and bravely in the face of danger and fear, and then the blue sky and bright sunlight will appear. When performing Taegeuk Sa Chang show a positive mind and a brave attitude. The movements should be strong powerful opposing Jin.


Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Back Stance, Knife hand Guarding Block (L)

Move the right foot one step forward, Long Stance, Mid Section Pressing Block (L) the spear Finger thrust (R)

3. Pivot on the left, turn to the right 180 degrees, back stance Knife hand guarding block (R)

Move the left foot one step forward, long stance, mid section pressing punch (R) then spear finger thrust (L)

Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High section knife hand block (L) and High section reverse inward knife hand strike (R)

Snap kick with the right, the step forward into Long stance, Mid section reverse Punch (L)

Side kick with the left, then step forward into Long Stance

Side Kick with the right, then step forward into Back Stance, Knife hand guarding block (R)

Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 270 degrees, back stance, Mid section outer forearm block (L)

Snap Kick with the right, then step backwards, back stance, Reverse inward block (R)

Pivot on the left foot turn to the right 180 degrees back stance, Mid section outer forearm block (R)

Snap kick with the left, then step backwards, back stance, Reverse inward block (L)

Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High Section knife hand block (L) and high section reverse inward knife hand strike (R)

Snap Kick with the right, then step forwards, Long Stance Back fist front strike (R)

Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Walking Stance, Inward Block (L)

Mid section reverse punch (R)

Pivot on the left foot, then to the right 180 degrees, walking stance, inward block (R)

Mid section reverse punch (L)

Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, Inward block (L) then mid section double punch (R then L)

Move the Right foot one step forward, Long Stance, Inward Block (R) then mid section double punch (L then R)

Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk Oh Chang, Pattern 5


This pattern expresses the principle of wind. There are such winds as typhoons, hurricanes and tornadoes. But the nature of the wind is gentle. Spring breezes caress weeping willows. Wind symbolizes a humble state of mind. Actions should be performed as gentle breezes, slow yet graceful, then strong and fast like hurricanes.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into long stance, Low section Block (L)

  2. Move the left foot to the right foot, into ready stance, Hammer fist strike to the top of head (L)

  3. Pivot on left foot turn to the right 180 degrees, moving into long stance, Low section Block (R) 

  4. Move the right foot to the left foot, ready stance, Hammer fist strike to the top of the head (R)

  5. Move the left foot one step forward into long stance, Inward block (L), then reverse Inward block (R)

  6. Snap Kick with the right, the step forward into Long Stance, Back fist front strike (R) then reverse inward block (L)

  7. Snap Kick with the left then step forward into Long Stance, Back fist front strike (L), then reverse inward block (R)

  8. Move the right foot one step forward into long stance, Back fist strike (R) - Kiai (shout)

  9. Pivot on the right foot, turn to left 270 degrees, Back Stance, Outer Forearm knife hand block (L)

  10. Move the right foot one step forward, Long Stance, High Section elbow strike (R fist into L Palm)

  11. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, back stance, outer forearm knife hand block (R)

  12. Move the left foot one step forward, Long Stance, High section elbow strike (L fist into R Palm)

  13. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Long stance, Low section block (L) then reverse inward block (R)

  14. Snap kick with the right foot, then step forward into Long Stance, Low section block (R) then reverse inward block (L)

  15. Pivot on the right foot, turn to left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High Section Block (L)

  16. Side Kick with the right and punch (R) then step forwards into Long Stance, Mid section reverse elbow strike (L elbow into R palm)

  17. 17. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, Long Stance, High Section Block (R)

  18. Side Kick with the left and punch (L) then step forwards into Long Stance, Mid section reverse elbow strike (R elbow into L palm)

  19. Pivot on the right foot, turn to left 90 degrees, Long Stance, Low Section block (L) then reverse inward block (R)

  20. Snap kick with the right, then jump forward, X stance (L behind R) Back fist front strike (R)

  21. Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk Yuk Chang, Pattern 6


This pattern represents water. Water is liquid and formless. Water never loses it's nature, it always flows downwards. The principles behind this Taegeuk show us that we can overcome difficulties and hardships if we go forward with self confidence. Actions should be performed with a flowing motion, steadily through the techniques.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, moving into long stance, Low section Block (L)

  2. Snap Kick with the right, then step backwards, back stance, Outer forearm block

  3. Pivot on the left, turn to the right 180 degrees, Long Stance, Low Section Block (R)

  4. Snap kick with the left, then step backwards, Back Stance, Outer Forearm block (R)

  5. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, Outer forearm knife hand block (R)

  6. Turning Kick with the right, then step forward into Long Stance

  7. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High section outer forearm block (L) then Mid section reverse punch (R)

  8. Snap kick with the right, then step forward into long stance, Mid section reverse punch (L)

  9. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, Long Stance, High section outer forearm block (R) then Mid section reverse punch (L)

  10. Snap kick with the left, then step forward into long stance, mid section reverse punch (R)

  11. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Ready Stance, High Section X block move slowly into side block (5 secs)

  12. Move the right foot one step forward, Long Stance, Outer forearm knife hand block (L)

  13. Turning kick with the left, and Kiai (Shout), then step forward into Long Stance,

  14. Pivot on the left foot turn to the right 270 degrees, long stance, Low section block (R)

  15. Snap kick with the left, then step backwards, back stance, Outer Forearm block (R)

  16. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 180 degrees, Long Stance, Low section block (L)

  17. Snap kick with right, then step backwards, back Stance, Outer forearm block (L)

  18. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, stepping backwards into back stance, knife hand guarding block (L)

  19. Move the left foot one step backwards, back stance, knife hand guarding block (R)

  20. Move the right foot one step backwards, Long Stance, Palm hand block (L)

  21. Mid Section reverse punch (R)

  22. Move the left foot one step backwards, long stance, Palm hand block (R)

  23. Mid section reverse punch (L)

Taeguk Chil Chang, Pattern 7


This pattern symbolizes a mountain. We should stop when we should go on when must. Moving and stopping should match with time in order to achieve things.

A mountain never moves. Man must learn this stability like a mountain. We should not act hastily or push too hard. This principle is well adapted to Taekwondo. Through fast actions seem fine, we should know where and when to stop. The stance Beom Seogi (Cat Stance) is included because it is very stable, yet still allows us free movement.

  1. Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Cat Stance, Palm hand block (R).

  2. Snap Kick with the right, then step backwards, Cat Stance, Inward Block (L)

  3. Pivot on left foot turn to the right 180 degrees, Cat Stance, Palm hand Block (L)

  4. Snap Kick with the left, then step backwards, Cat Stance, Inward Block (R)

  5. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Back Stance, Low section knife hand guarding block (L)

  6. Move the right foot one step forward, Back Stance, Low section knife hand guarding block (R)

  7. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Cat Stance, Palm hand block (R) (L fist supports R elbow)

  8. Back fist front strike (R) (L fist still supports R elbow)

  9. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, Cat Stance, Palm hand block (L) (R fist supports L elbow)

  10. Back fist front strike (L) (R fist still supports L elbow)

  11. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, feet together, right fist under chin with left hand on top (3 seconds)

  12. Move the left foot one step forward, Long Stance, inner forearm block (L) and reverse low section block (R) then Reverse inner forearm block, (R) and low section Block (L)

  13. Move the right foot one step forward, Long Stance, inner forearm block (R) and Reverse low section block (L) then reverse inner forearm block (L) and low section block (R)

  14. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 270 degrees, Long Stance, Twin outer forearm wedging block

  15. Reach forward to grab opponents head. Pull Head down onto rising knee (R) then step forward into Long Stance, Move the left foot behind the right X stance (L behind R) twin upset punch.

  16. Move the left foot backwards, Long Stance, Low section X Block

  17. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees, Long Stance, Twin outer forearm wedging block 

  18. Reach forward to grab opponents head, Long Stance, Move the right foot behind the left X stance, (R behind L) Twin upset punch

  19. Move the right foot backwards, Long Stance, Low section X Block

  20. Pull head down onto rising knee (L) then step forward, Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 90 degrees, Walking stance, back fist side strike (L) (Straight Arm)

  21. Inward Crescent Kick (R) into left palm, step forward. Sitting Stance, Mid section elbow strike (R elbow into L Palm)

  22. Move (L) foot a short distance forward into walking stance, back fist side strike (R) (straight arm)

  23. Inward Crescent kick (L) into right palm, step forward, Sitting stance, Mid section elbow strike (L elbow into R palm)

  24. L Hand outer knife hand block

  25. Step forward (R) lunge punch, Riding Stance

  26. Kiai (Shout)

Taeguk Pal Chang, Pattern 8


This pattern is a series of actions applying the Gon principle. Gon symbolizes Earth. The earth is the source of life. Things take life from it and grow, draining limitless energy. The earth is where the creative force of heaven is embodied. The earth is wordless, it hugs and grows everything. Taegeuk Pal Chang is the gardens last round of training, and stepping stone to the way of Dan grade holder.

Here you perfect all the fundamental actions and review them. Actions should be performed clearly and expertly. A strong character should be shown in technique and, as is the earth, an unbending force. 

  1. Move the left foot forward. Back Stance, Fighting Stance (L) Move the left foot forward, Long Stance, Mid section reverse Punch (R)

  2. Spring forward off the left foot, jumping snap kick (L) Kiai (shout) Long stance, Inward Block (L) and double punch (R then L)

  3. Move the right foot forward, Long Stance, Mid section punch (R)

  4. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 270 degrees (face L) Long stance, Low section block (L) and high section outer forearm high block (R)

  5. Pivot on the right foot, turn the body to the left, Long Stance, Upset Punch (R - Slowly)

  6. Move the left foot backwards, X Stance, (R behind L), Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 180 degrees (face R) Long Stance, Low section block (R) and high section inner forearm high block (L)

  7. Pivot on the left foot, Turn the body to the right, Long Stance, upset Punch (L - Slowly)

  8. Pivot on the left foot turn to the left 90 degrees, stepping backwards into back stance, knife hand guarding block (L)

  9. Move the left foot forward, Long Stance, mid section reverse punch (R)

  10. Snap kick with the right move it back to the original place, move the left foot back one step then move right foot backwards Cat Stance, Palm hand Block (R)

  11. Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Cat Stance, Mid Section knife hand guarding block (L)

  12. Snap Kick with the left then step forward, Long Stance, Mid section reverse punch (R)

  13. Move the left foot backwards, cat Stance, Palm hand Block (L)

  14. Pivot on the left foot turn to the right 180 degrees, Cat Stance, Mid section knife hand guarding block (R)

  15. Snap Kick with the right, then step forward into Long Stance, Mid section reverse punch (L)

  16. Move the right foot backwards, Cat Stance, Palm hand block (R)

  17. Pivot on the left foot, turn to the right 90 degrees, back stance, twin forearm low section block (R)

  18. Snap kick with the left, then jumping snap kick (R) Kiai (shout), Long Stance, Inward block (R) then Mid section double punch (L then R)

  19. Pivot on the right foot, turn to the left 270 Degrees, Back Stance, outer Forearm Knife hand block (L)

  20. Move the left foot forward, Long stance, elbow Strike (R)

  21. Back fist front strike (R), then mid section punch (L)

  22. Pivot on the left foot turn to the right 180 degrees, back stance, outer forearm knife hand block (R)

  23. Move the right foot forward, Long stance, Elbow Strike (L)

  24. Back fist front strike (L) then mid section punch (R)

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