This pattern represents heaven and light. Heaven gives us rain and the sun gives us light and making things grow. Therefore Keon is the beginning of everything on earth and the source of creation. When performing this Taegeuk the mind should be clear and allow all the basic techniques to flow. As with creation this Taegeuk is the simple, yet forms the basis for more complex movements and techniques to come.
This pattern is expressed by the symbol Tae, Meaning joyfulness. This is the state in which ones minds is kept firm, yet appears gentle so that smile and virtue prevail. When performing this Taegeuk all actions should be performed gently yet forcefully.
This pattern concerns actions applying the principles of RI. This symbol means fire and sun. What distinguishes man from the animals is that man knows how to use fire. Burning fire gives man light, warmth, enthusiasm and hope. The action therefore of Sam Chang accordingly should be performed with vitality and passion.
This pattern concerns actions applying the thoughts and principles of Jin, Thunder. Thunder and lighting are the objects of fear and fright. The principles of Jin suggest that we should act calmly and bravely in the face of danger and fear, and then the blue sky and bright sunlight will appear. When performing Taegeuk Sa Chang show a positive mind and a brave attitude. The movements should be strong powerful opposing Jin.
Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Back Stance, Knife hand Guarding Block (L)
Move the right foot one step forward, Long Stance, Mid Section Pressing Block (L) the spear Finger thrust (R)
3. Pivot on the left, turn to the right 180 degrees, back stance Knife hand guarding block (R)
Move the left foot one step forward, long stance, mid section pressing punch (R) then spear finger thrust (L)
Pivot on right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High section knife hand block (L) and High section reverse inward knife hand strike (R)
Snap kick with the right, the step forward into Long stance, Mid section reverse Punch (L)
Side kick with the left, then step forward into Long Stance
Side Kick with the right, then step forward into Back Stance, Knife hand guarding block (R)
Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 270 degrees, back stance, Mid section outer forearm block (L)
Snap Kick with the right, then step backwards, back stance, Reverse inward block (R)
Pivot on the left foot turn to the right 180 degrees back stance, Mid section outer forearm block (R)
Snap kick with the left, then step backwards, back stance, Reverse inward block (L)
Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, High Section knife hand block (L) and high section reverse inward knife hand strike (R)
Snap Kick with the right, then step forwards, Long Stance Back fist front strike (R)
Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Walking Stance, Inward Block (L)
Mid section reverse punch (R)
Pivot on the left foot, then to the right 180 degrees, walking stance, inward block (R)
Mid section reverse punch (L)
Pivot on the right foot turn to the left 90 degrees, Long Stance, Inward block (L) then mid section double punch (R then L)
Move the Right foot one step forward, Long Stance, Inward Block (R) then mid section double punch (L then R)
This pattern expresses the principle of wind. There are such winds as typhoons, hurricanes and tornadoes. But the nature of the wind is gentle. Spring breezes caress weeping willows. Wind symbolizes a humble state of mind. Actions should be performed as gentle breezes, slow yet graceful, then strong and fast like hurricanes.
This pattern represents water. Water is liquid and formless. Water never loses it's nature, it always flows downwards. The principles behind this Taegeuk show us that we can overcome difficulties and hardships if we go forward with self confidence. Actions should be performed with a flowing motion, steadily through the techniques.
This pattern symbolizes a mountain. We should stop when we should go on when must. Moving and stopping should match with time in order to achieve things.
A mountain never moves. Man must learn this stability like a mountain. We should not act hastily or push too hard. This principle is well adapted to Taekwondo. Through fast actions seem fine, we should know where and when to stop. The stance Beom Seogi (Cat Stance) is included because it is very stable, yet still allows us free movement.
This pattern is a series of actions applying the Gon principle. Gon symbolizes Earth. The earth is the source of life. Things take life from it and grow, draining limitless energy. The earth is where the creative force of heaven is embodied. The earth is wordless, it hugs and grows everything. Taegeuk Pal Chang is the gardens last round of training, and stepping stone to the way of Dan grade holder.
Here you perfect all the fundamental actions and review them. Actions should be performed clearly and expertly. A strong character should be shown in technique and, as is the earth, an unbending force.